We use our teeth every day, not only to eat but also to speak throughout our daily routine. If it were not for our teeth, a number of our fundamental functions would not be possible, in fact, our teeth are the last thing that will remain of a human, which is an indicator of their importance and capacity to last a lifetime – if cared for correctly. In order to take the correct steps to maintaining a good level of oral hygiene, it is essential to understand every part of the mouth and its function. So, here is a brief anatomy of the jaw, mouth and teeth to help you find out more about this important part of the body.
Anatomy of the jaw
Most of us are aware of the different types of teeth, but do you know what they are made up from? The teeth in the human mouth consist of the incisors, canines, premolars and molars, each having a different function in the mouth. The central incisors are sharp and chisel-shaped to facilitate their function of chopping and cutting food. The lateral incisors on either side of these teeth are sharp and more pointed for tearing food. Then the canines are even further pointed and also involved in this tearing process. Our premolars are smaller versions of the molar teeth, with two cusps which crush and tear food, just as the molars do.
Below the teeth are the gingiva, or the gums, holding the teeth in place and protecting the jawbone. If the gums are not sufficiently cared for as part of your oral health routine you could suffer from gingivitis, or gum disease, which can eventually lead to the loss of teeth, creating the need for replacements such as Bicon implants. The tongue is then attached to the mouth by a membrane called the frenulum, and contains many papillae, the tiny nodules which contain the taste buds. Above this is the soft palate and hard palate.
Anatomy of a tooth
However, each tooth is made up of a similar structure below the surface that we do not see. The hard white surface we see is the enamel – this is the hardest substance in the human body, and is composed of predominantly the mineral calcium phosphate. If this surface is not brushed efficiently is may suffer a build up of decay or become stained, which is detrimental to the condition of your teeth and can be counteracted with a teeth whitening High Wycombe treatment. Beneath this is the dentine layer, which is made up of living cells which secrete hard mineral substances. At the centre of this dentine you will find the pulp cavity. This is the soft, living inner area of the tooth, inside which vessels and nerves run. Below this is the cementum, which securely attaches the roots of the teeth to the gums and jawbone, along with the periodontal ligament tissue.
Understanding how the teeth, gums and jaw work will help you to ensure you keep your oral hygiene as good as possible. If you would like any further information about dental care or your teeth please feel free to contact one of our expert dental hygienists in High Wycombe today on 01494 455900.
Dental emergencies have been very present in the news recently. An Indian teenager had to have 232 teeth removed from his mouth and famous musician Michael Buble dislodged a crown hours before a show, sparking discussion over the importance of emergency dental procedures. It is absolutely essential that we are all prepared for any unexpected dental accident and know what kind of help we can get if one does occur. Luckily, both the Indian teen and Buble were quickly treated, leaving their teeth as healthy as ever. With private dentists High Wycombe, in a dental disaster you too will find yourself in safe hands.
Fixing a broken tooth
A tooth can be accidentally cracked at any time for a variety of reasons. Often this is caused by biting down on a hard piece of food such as a mint, or taking a knock to the mouth, for example when playing a sports or if you are unlucky enough to injure yourself. A broken, cracked or chipped tooth can be extremely uncomfortable as it may cause the nerve of the tooth to become exposed, causing pain due to a hyper-sensitivity to temperature.
If you experience a cracked tooth, immediately bite down on a clean piece of fabric to soothe any discomfort, and call a dentist straight away for an emergency appointment. Should a part of the tooth fall off, attempt to find is so that you can take it along to your appointment to show your dentist. This will help them see if it was a section of enamel, or, say, a filling. Avoid biting with the tooth and steer clear of hot or cold foods and drinks until your problem is fixed.
Call a High Wycombe dentist and we can arrange an urgent appointment where one of our experts will assess your tooth and carry out treatment to fix it. Whether that be a partial crown or a composite filling, all of our treatments are comfortable, quick and highly efficient, executes by a team of understanding specialists. No one will be able to tell you ever had a tooth accident and your smile will be good as new.
Replacing a lost tooth
When a tooth is knocked out, this is known as an avulsed tooth. What can be a shocking incident if avulsed or a surprise if a tooth has fallen out unexpectedly can shake you. If a tooth is knocked out, you could experience hemorrhaging, which you must deal with immediately by stopping the blood flow with gauze and immediately visiting your dentist. However, sometimes your tooth could be reimplanted if taken to a dental professional for inspection, cleaning and fixing.
Whether in the future you lose a tooth by force or by it simply falling out, see your dentist straight away and take the tooth with you if you can – even if only for the dentist’s referral. Avoid eating or drinking, and stay calm. Don’t worry, because even if your tooth isn’t able to be re-implanted, private dentists High Wycombe provide a number of treatments such as the fitting of high-quality implants and Bicon implantsthat will fill the gap in your teeth getting back that perfect set of pearly whites in no time.
With a little preparation, a calm attitude and the correct response, any surprise dental issue can be dealt with quickly and successfully. If you would like further advice on how to prepare yourself for a dental emergency, or would like to know more about our emergency dental treatments at High Wycombe private dentists, contact us today on 01494 455900.
Recently we wrote a blog post discussing the future possibility of “Electrically Accelerated and Enhanced Mineralisation” being used to activate mineral generation in teeth, reducing the need for fillings. The dental world is currently surrounded with new developments and research that could completely change the way dentists work in just ten years. Here are some of the most exciting…
Dentistry changing jawlines
As we discussed in a previous blog post, dentistry can have a significant effect on the shape of the face, re-aligning proportions and reversing the signs of ageing. However, the jaw is also very important for enabling implants to be anchored into the mouth. Currently, bone from elsewhere in the body can be used – but this can involve costly surgery. However, scientists have now devised a way of growing bone using chips of synthetic bone made out of materials such as calcium carbonate mixed with blood plasma. This forms a “scaffolding” for bone cells to grow into and build a new bone. After six month the jaw could be strong enough to hold any implant.
A condition called marginal leakage can mean that even when fillings have been performed to the highest professional standard, it’s impossible to remove every molecule of bacteria in the tooth. The bacteria can continue to feed off sugar and produce acid that causes further decay, which is why fillings have to be replaced every five or ten years. However, now dental researchers in Brazil have created a brand new filling adhesive that contains antibacterial elements, so that fillings may not have to be replaced in the future. Currently, composite fillings are the best way forward as they last many years, are strong and durable, and completely blend into the tooth.
Could teeth grow themselves?
Most implants do not have a tooth root, meaning that sometimes the bone around the implant can become damaged, weakening the implant. But with new developments in dental science at King’s College London, dentists may be able to grow new teeth and roots from gum cells. These stem cells have been successfully combined with mesenchyme cells – which are found in the pulp of all mammal teeth from mice to produce a hybrid human/mouse tooth with a root. If scientists can source a supply of human mesenchymal cells, then they can produce fully ‘human’ teeth to replace gaps. However, on the current market, Bicon Implants are a great choice as they replace the root of the tooth securely with a scientifically-proven design.
Brilliant braces work at speed
Orthodontics gets super high-tech with the vibrating gumshields that dentists in Israel have recently developed. This type of night brace works considerably faster than conventional braces. A silicone balloon rests against the teeth, gently moving teeth to line up with the gumshield that has been moulded to the desired shape. The balloon vibrates gently a few times each second to a frequency that stimulates the teeth to move but without waking the patient. This contraption could speed up the time a brace takes to work from 12-18 months to only three, a very exciting prospect for anyone with uneven teeth.
Lasers and torches to rebuild teeth
If you’ve got sensitive teeth, you’ll know how frustrating it can be when you’re enjoying a meal or a refreshing drink and your teeth just keep hurting. When enamel is worn down, dentine, the inner layer of the tooth, becomes exposed and can be painful whilst ingesting certain foods. This could soon no longer be an issue, as researchers are developing a paste substance that can be applied to the teeth to act as an alternative for enamel that cannot be replaced. The paste is acid-resistant and would prevent decay, and made from calcium phosphate, the same substance as enamel, before being set by a laser to bond to the teeth.
Whilst these developments still require significant research and testing before they will be made readily available, the prospects being opened up by dental science are magnificent, and we can’t wait to find out more!