Gum Disease

Gum disease is a slowly progressing chronic disease of the mouth that is in the most part painless.  The causes of gum disease are:


  • Genetics – if your parents had gum disease there is a good chance you will have it
  • Stress
  • Inadequate tooth and gum cleaning – Dental plaque, the white film that forms on your teeth is the primary cause of gum disease in the majority of people.  It is vital that you take control of your disease by removing the primary cause through affective brushing (twice a day) and by cleaning in-between your teeth with either floss or special brushes that fit between your teeth.
  • Smoking – whilst smoking does not cause gum disease, it does make it worse, and also limits the effectiveness of any treatment we do.  If you have gum disease and you smoke, the chances of you losing teeth and having painful episodes from your gum disease are vastly increased.
  • Diabetes



Things to remember:


  • Most people who have gum disease only find out when their dentist tells them
  • Gum disease causes the loosening of teeth and their eventual loss if left unchecked.
  • The treatment for gum disease can take several visits.  It is not uncommon for teeth and gums to be sore for several days after they have been treated for gum disease.  If after treatment you experience a tooth that becomes very painful, you should phone us.  This occurs because sometimes the gum disease is so extensive that it can kill the tooth off.
  • Only part of the treatment is done by the dentist.  We will do our best to get your mouth stable, but it is then up to YOU to do your part.  This means effective cleaning EVERY DAY for the rest of your life.
  • You will always have gum disease.  However, it can be controlled by effective home cleaning.
  • We recommend those with gum disease visit their dentist every 3 months so that we can help keep the tartar off your teeth and monitor its progress.
  • If you have gum disease and you smoke, the disease will be almost impossible to control and will proceed at a faster rate.  This means you will lose more teeth faster than if you didn’t smoke.
  • We advise you to visit your doctor or local pharmacy to get yourself checked for diabetes

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